The Sri Lankan Elephants are the main type of species in Sri Lankan wildlife. Elephas maximus maximum is the scientific name for the Sri Lankan Elephants. This write-up will provide a considerable amount of Sri Lankan Elephant facts for the people who love to explore their knowledge about Sri Lankan wildlife and Sri Lankan Elephants.
The Sri Lankan elephants is an animal subspecies of the Asian Elephant. It is interesting to talk about Sri Lankan Elephant facts in Sri Lanka. In Sri Lanka the Sri Lankan Elephant is native. The population of Sri Lankan Elephant has a big restriction to the dry zone of Sri Lanka. Wilpattu National Park ,Yala , Udawalawe , Lunugamvehera and Minneriya National park are the main places where you can see Sri Lankan Elephants.
Considering about Sri Lankan Elephant facts, it’s an important fact that Sri Lanka has the largest density of Elephants in Asia. Due to the large population of Elephants, people in rural areas have conflicts with Elephants and several security actions have being taken to protect the human and the Sri Lankan Elephants.
Scientific view of Sri Lankan Elephant facts
There are some important facts to be discussed under the topic of Sri Lankan Elephant facts. The Kingdom of Sri Lankan Elephant is Animalia, the Phylum is Chordata, the class of this species is Mammalia, an order is stated as Proboscidea. The family of the Sri Lankan Elephant is Elephantidae. The genus records as Elephas. The Sri Lankan Elephant is belonged into the species of E.maximus and the subspecies is recorded as E. m. Maximus.
Body characteristics in the area of Sri Lankan Elephant facts
There are some characteristics of the Sri Lankan Elephants. Getting the knowledge about the characteristics are important to get a completed idea about Sri Lankan Elephant facts. Asian Elephants are generally small in size comparing with the African elephant. They have no tusks and sometimes if they have they only have small ones. The female is smaller than the male elephant. They have their highest body point on the head.
They have a shoulder height of between 2 and 3.5 m (6.6 and 11.5 ft), the weight is between 2,000 and 5,500 KG (4,400 and 12,100 lb). the Sri Lankan Elephant has 19 pairs of ribs. Their skin color it is darker than indices or the Indian Elephant. The Sri Lankan Elephant has small ears comparing to the African Elephant and also they have a curved spine than African elephants.
Sri Lankan Elephant facts about the Diet of an Elephant
Sri Lankan Elephant facts say special things about the diet of a Sri Lankan Elephant. As an important thing to be noted, the Elephant does not have an efficient digestive system. It has a very inefficient method to digest its food. As a percentage, 45% of the food which an Elephant use to consume is passed through as undigested thing. Because of this fact of elephants they spend a plenty of time for the food consuming process.
As this happens with elephants, they need to frequently look for food and water all the time. The diet type of an Elephant is herbivorous. When talking about the amount of food they consume during a day, they consume 100 to 150 KG which means 220 to 330 pounds of food and 80 to 160 liters which mean 20 to 40 gallons of water. They eat different types of grasses, fruits and juicy leaves as their daily diet.
Sri Lankan Elephant facts on the topic of reproduction
Sri Lankan Elephant facts on the reproduction of Elephants is interesting to know. All types of elephants have one of the longest gestation periods in the animal kingdom. The time is said to be from 18 months to 20 months of time. When a baby elephant is born it usually weights from 75 to 115 KG which means 165 to 225 pounds. The measure of its shoulder will be 100 centimeters which mean 3 feet and 3 inches.
All kinds of elephants will reach their ability to produce their next generation when they are in their age will be 8 and 14 years. This can be different depending on their habits. A female Elephant can give birth from 4 to 6 year age gaps. They have the ability to give birth to about 6 to 7 offspring in her life. This period counts as 55 to 60 years.
Sri Lankan Elephant facts on migration habits’ of an Elephant
Like other animals, the Sri Lankan Elephant also consider about migration when they do not like the weather. During the monsoon season, they manage to find a new route for their living. The Sri Lankan elephant herd will be responsible by the eldest elephant of the group, and that elder elephant is responsible for remembering the important migration routes. It is a fact that Elephants are so much intelligent among all the animals and they can remember past incidents well, they have a brilliant memory power.
Their migration routes are between the wet and dry zone of Sri Lanka, always the elephant herds switch between places belong in these two weather conditions. This migrating task and habit is an essential thing for each and every elephant. But sometimes people face problems due to this action by the elephants. The reason behind that is, most of the time in rural areas, the only way to survive is to have paddy fields as their only way of living. When a migration route of a herd of elephants is via a paddy field, then this can be a huge problem for the farmers who have their paddy fields. Think about the results and the damage that can happen by the migration of elephants. They will vanish the harvests and farmers will be helpless.
Sri Lankan Elephant facts on the historical pageants
An elephant can live up to 70 years of age or more. In Sri Lanka, the elephants is an important animal because elephants are the most important part of a historic pageant. They use to provide beautiful fancy clothes as elephants dress and the main elephant will be chosen to carry the tooth relic for the pageant. In Sri Lanka, there is a special place for this ritual. They choose the eldest elephant for this specific task, there are some other elephants too. They all are assisted by a mahout, the mahout is the person who takes the care of the Elephants. Each elephant is taken care by separate individual mahouts.
The Zoological garden and Sri Lankan Elephant facts
Sri Lanka has elephants in the Zoo. Which means they use to take care of Elephants for the enjoyment of people who come and visit the elephants. They conduct several activities by training the elephants. Elephant dance is a special event in the Zoo. The Zoo which is situated in Dehiwela is special because of this elephant dance. Each and every elephant is well trained to entertain people.
The Pinnawala orphanage and related Sri Lankan Elephant facts
When talking about the Pinnawala orphanage, it is an orphanage for poor orphan elephants in Sri Lanka. This orphanage has a beautiful atmosphere for the viewers and tourists. The caretakers of these poor and orphan elephants are well trained and hard working. They provide food and all facilities in order to take care for the elephants. Elephants with physical disabilities, who has diseases or elephants who have injuries are well monitored and taken care by the staff and by veterinary surgeons.
Sri Lankan Elephant facts on its trunk
The Sri Lankan Elephant facts of the country Sri Lanka has some more facts too. An elephant trunk is a combination of its nose and lip. The elephant trunk is a highly sensitive organ in its body. The trunk is made of more than 100,000 muscle units.
Emotions of Elephants and more Sri Lankan Elephant facts
Like humans, an elephant has emotions too. They cry, play, laugh and even they can have incredible memories too. An elephant has a great ability to be the best parent, both female and male elephants have this ability. If a baby elephant complains about something that happened to them, then the parent elephants will rumble and caress the baby elephant. Not only the parents of the baby elephant, the whole elephant family will take care of the baby elephants in such an amazing way.
Social aspect of Sri Lankan Elephant facts
Discovering more facts about the social life of an elephant, they use to greet and warmly welcome their friends when they have joined the group of elephants after a long time. Elephants use to stand for each other no matter how hard the situation they are facing. When they have lost a baby elephant when it’s born, they use to grieve for the loss, even the group members do so not only the mother elephant and the father elephant.
The living style of an Elephant on Sri Lankan Elephant facts
Talking about their living style, elephants do not drink water by their trunk, they just use their trunk as a tool when they drink water. They fill their trunk with water and then they use their trunk as a hose and pour the water into their mouth to drink them.
The relationship with mammoths as a Sri Lankan Elephant facts
As a special and an amazing fact in Sri Lankan Elephant facts , the Asian elephant is very close to the mammoth more than the African Elephant. Mammoths are the early stage of the species of elephant. Imagine the way that how elephants communicate with people. They have a special language for them. In Sri Lanka, a special language is used to handle the Sri Lankan Elephants and to communicate with them. Apart from that Asian Elephants use to communicate with each other by touching each other. Sri Lankan elephants have so much amazing, unique and interesting facts.